Bruno Nicolai
Paul Clemente
Bruno Nicolai was born in Italy in 1926, and the first film he scored was 1963's "Head of the Family". Bruno's big break came in 1965, when he was the musical supervisor for the Sergio Leone film, "A Few Dollars More". In 1966 he reprised this role for "The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly". Bruno worked along side composing master Ennio Morricone, learning much from him.

In 1975 Bruno was the musical director for Tinto Brass' movie, "Saloon Kitty", and this is here the two got to know each other.

About 1977 Bruno was approaching by the Caligula Production (probably through Tinto Brass) team to write original music for the movie. As well, Bruno picked out the Classical music that was featured through-out the movie, he must have been a big fan of Aram Il'Ych Khachaturian (1903-1978) and Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1953), who were both great Soviet Union composers.

For some reason, Bruno decided to use the stage name (AKA) of Paul Clemente for the Caligula music, maybe it was so the soundtrack would sound more American? This was the only time that Bruno used this stage name in his carreer, so I'm thinking it was a request by the production team. For more information on the music of Caligula have a look

Bruno's last film was 1987's "Buckeye and Blue", which he wrote the score. For a great website on Bruno, please click

Bruno died in 1991 in Italy.